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The Orishas (Gods of Santeria)- The 7 African Powers - Siete potencias:
Botanica 7 Angeles: tarot reading, spiritual advisor, oils, candles, inscences, and more religious santeria supplies. NJ, NY, LI, New York City, Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens, Staten Island, USA. Botanica 7 Angeles: tarot reading, spiritual advisor, oils, candles, inscences, and more religious santeria supplies. NJ, NY, LI, New York City, Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens, Staten Island, USA.
Yemaya: madre, reina del mar. Es representada por la Virgen de Regla.

This page is dedicated to Yemaya: Yemaya- Español

Yemaya (La Virgen de Regla) - She is the owner of the ocean/seas. The goddess of extreme wealth and power, she is the mother of all the other Orishas.

In Santería, Yemayá is seen as the mother of all living things as well as the owner of all waters. Her number is 7 (a tie into the 7 seas), her colors are blue and white (representing water), and her favorite offerings include melons, molasses ("melaço" - sugar cane syrup), whole fried fishes and pork rinds. She has been syncretized with Our Lady of Regla.
Yemaja has several caminos (paths). At the initiation ceremony known as kariocha, or simply ocha, the exact path is determined through divination. Her paths include:

video: Yemaya dance
Botanica 7 Angeles: tarot reading, spiritual advisor, oils, candles, inscences, and more religious santeria supplies. NJ, NY, LI, New York City, Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens, Staten Island, USA.
Yemaya o La Virgen de Regla

Yemaya lives and rules over the seas and lakes. She also rules over maternity in our lives as she is the Mother of All. Her name, a shortened version of Yey Omo Eja means "Mother Whose Children are the Fish" to reflect the fact that her children are so numerous that they are uncountable. As modern sciences has theorizes and ancient cultures have known, life started in the sea. As an embryo we all spend the first moments of our lives swimming in a warm sea of amneotic fluid inside our mother's womb. We must transform and evolve through the form of a fish before becoming a human baby. In this way Yemaya displays herself as truly the mother of all, since she is the seed of all the paths or manifestations. Joined with Yemaya in the Yoruba tradition is Olokun, the source of all riches and unfathomable power. Yemaya dresses herself in seven skirts of blue and white and like the seas and profound lakes she is deep and unknowable, but also caring and nurturing. In Candomble, Santeria and Ifa Yemoja is considered the ultimate matriarch symbol. Yemoja embodies all characteristics of motherhood, caring and love. This maternal source of divine, human, animal, and plant life is most widely symbolized by the ocean. However, in Yoruba land, Yemonja is the deity of the Ogun river, which is the largest river within the territory of the ancient Yoruba. In the new world Yemonja is the deity of the top part of the ocean and has incorporated many of the characteristics of Olukun.

Botanica 7 Angeles: tarot reading, spiritual advisor, oils, candles, inscences, and more religious santeria supplies. NJ, NY, LI, New York City, Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens, Staten Island, USA.
"Ikonografia de la Virgen de Regla", 36" x 48", oleo en lino, 2002. por Virelo
 
In all cases Yemoja represents the birthplace of life on earth. In ancient Yoruba river was the largest, most powerful body of water; therefore belief held that in the rivers was life spawned. As Africans of the Ifa religion came in contact with the ocean during their forced migration to the New World, Yemoja evolved with greater proportions, and consequently, the ocean became her symbol, the womb of the world. As a result of the middle passage Yemonja became one of the most prominent and worshipped deity in the New World. For instance in Brazil, specifically in the African derived religion, Candomblé, Yemaya is considered a national deity and savior for having protecting their ancestors during the middle passage. Among the Orisha, she is the mother of the most powerful orishas including: Shango (God of thunder and lightening), Ogun (God of iron), Oya (goddess of the winds) and many others. Interestingly some of her orisha children did not endure the middle passage or were simply left behind in Yoruba land. In general these lesser children of Yemonja were more obscure, or location specific so that when Africans in the New World consolidated their orisha many of these smaller orisha were forgotten or blended with other, more powerful orisha. As a result of the middle passage, Yemoja changed from goddess of the great Ogun river to goddess of the ocean. With the forced infusion of Catholicism and the resulting sycrentism of African religions, Yemanya has been canonized in the form of the Virgin Mary.

video: Ritual a Yemayá (Flor Universal) en Mexico
In the Gelede Cult Yemaya is considered the ultimate female power. In general Yemaya's ocean domain is confined to the top layer which contains the most life and is universally considered the womb of life. The origin of Shango, Oya, and Ochun can easily traced back to the ocean. As water evaporates from the ocean surface because of the sun's heat, it rises and forms clouds. Winds (Oya) carry theses clouds across the land. These clouds transform into thunderheads and lightening providing rain for everything to live. This rain is then brought back to the ocean via her daughter, Ochun. Although barely noticed and perhaps incorporated within Yemanya is her male counterpart, Olukun. Indeed without Olukun much of Yemanya power would not be known.

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Olodumare Elegua Obatala Yemaya Chango Oya Ochun Ogun osain