Chango (Santa Barbara) - He is the god of thunder, lightening, music, commerce. A powerful temper and a healthy appetite, he is among the most beloved Orishas. His color is red.
Santa Barbara Bendita is the Catholic Saint used to represent Chango. The reason they picked this Saint is because of the use of the color red and the sword. Also, in many depictions of this Saint, there is castle in the picture, and since Chango was a King, the castle was a fitting correspondence.
Of course, Chango and Santa Barbara are two different things. First of all, Chango is male and super-macho at that, while Santa Barbara is female. As with the other Orishas, you can have them without any Catholic Saints anywhere in your home. It just happened that in Cuba, where Catholicism was so predominat in that era, everyone loves Santa Barbara. The important thing in Orisha worship is to receive what we call the "Fundamento" of the Orisha. For most Orishas this consists of receiving the cowrie shells that have been consecrated and the stones that have been consecrated to a particular Orisha. Natually, they have to live in something, so they are placed in tureens and other receptacles to house them. Chango lives in a wooden "batea" The batea is a round wooden bowl that has a top that can be removed. The Orishas also have certain "tools" that are consecrated with them, which they use to work with in performing their "MAGIC".
One cannot help but notice the correspondences between Chango and the greek and roman dieties named Zeus and Jupiter. All were kings and all were owners of the thunderbolts. Mightiest of the gods! Such is the power of Chango. He is the enemy of evil, and woe unto those who do harm to his children!
Video: Oya and Chango
Chango is a very righteous Orisha and loves to do his part in righting wrongs. He is there to see that "what goes around comes around". Chango was literally a king in Africa, whose spirit after death was elevated to the level of an Orisha.
While alive on earth, he showed no mercy to his enemies and his fame spread all over much of Africa, where even the Bantus of the Congo area came to honor him. There he was called Nsasi. The Araras of neighboring Dahomey called him Jevioso and Jakuta, which means the Thrower of the thunderstones.
His popularity did not stop in Africa. In the New World, devotion to this great Orisha is increasing every day, as those unfamiliar with these Mysteries hear of the glorious exploits of our Beloved CHANGO.
Many of the stories about Chango have to do with his relations with women. Yemaya was his mother. He had relationships with Ochun, Oya, and Obba. Obba was his legitimate wife, but he spent more time with Ochun and Oya. He was a true womanizer and women loved him. After he exchanged his divinatioin tools with Orunla in exchange for Orunla's ability to dance, there was no stopping him. Of course all of this caused problems and Chango often had to spend much time at war. Chango was a keen diviner and used his "ache" to come out victorious on many occasions. The children of Chango usually are born with good psychic abilities, also. So, if Chango is your father, try to develop your spirituality to the utmost.
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